曲阳县博物馆位于曲阳县城内西南隅、全国重点文物保护单位北岳庙院内。始建于1998年，为打造北岳文化品牌，改陈为“北岳文化陈列馆”，该馆占地1800平方米，建筑面积730平方米，属仿明、清建筑，古典四合院式，由悬山门、围廊、正房、南北耳房组成。 该馆共设三个陈列室，第一陈列室以沙盘和实物相结合，主要展示了曲阳的悠久历史和古老文明，以及五岳祭祀的由来与古北岳恒山（大茂山）的地理位置、文物遗迹等。第二陈列室通过古人柴祭的景观、大型浮雕圣迹图、古代碑刻、现代仿古祭祀场景以及精辟的文字介绍，展示自三皇五帝时期到秦汉、隋唐至清朝诸代的帝王及封建官吏数百次的祭祀活动，彰显出古老厚重的北岳祭祀文化。特别是通过唐代封北岳为“安天王”、宋代封“安天元圣帝”、元代封“安天大贞玄圣帝”、明代封“北岳恒山之神”碑刻的集中展示，凸显我国封建社会祭祀北岳的几个高峰期和历代帝王对北岳祭祀的虔诚和重视。第三陈列室主要展示千年古刹北岳庙、修德寺塔的建筑艺术风格和四季景观，以及修德寺遗址出土的北魏、东魏、北齐、隋、唐等时期的白石造像等。修德寺建于隋开皇三年（583年），始称恒岳寺，后演称为镇岳修德寺、修德寺。1953—1954年，修德寺遗址出土石刻造像2200多件，其中刻年款的达271件。这样大批量的纪年造像出土在我国还是第一次，极大丰富了我国雕塑艺术史的宝库。 北岳文化陈列馆为落实“三贴近”原则，尊重历史文化，以古北岳文化为依托，设有北岳庙景区文创产品购物店，主要经营销售陶器、瓷器、石雕、泥塑等文创产品及北岳庙有关资料，并开发了具有北岳庙特色的“飞天神”“五岳真形图”铜版及壁画数字文化产品画轴等文化旅游纪念品。 五岳文化是中华五千年文明史的组成部分，曲阳作为北岳文化的发祥地，北岳庙成为北岳文化的重要载体之一。该馆陈列尊重历史，通过图、文、表、物相结合，以新颖生动活泼的形式，集中展示古北岳大茂山的自然和人文景观、北岳庙的建筑、壁画和碑刻等内容，让人们更直观的认识和了解古北岳文化的丰富文化内涵，进一步弘扬中华民族优秀历史文化，坚定文化自信，推动曲阳文化旅游产业融合发展。
Introduction to Quyang County Museum
Founded in 1998, Quyang County Museum is located in the Beiyue Temple, the national key cultural relics protection unit, in the southwest of the county. In order to build Beiyue (Northern Sacred Mount) culture brand, it was renamed Beiyue Culture Exhibition Hall, covering an area of 1800 square meters and a gross floor area of 730 square meters. The museum imitates the Ming and Qing dynasties’ architectures with a classical quadrangle style, composed of the gate with overhanging gable roof, surrounded porch, the main house and the north and the south wings.
The museum has a total of three showrooms. The first showroom is a combination of a sand table and material objects, mainly shows Quyang County’s long history and ancient civilization, as well as the origin of the Five Sacred Mountains(Wuyue)’ ritual and the ancient geographical location of the Northern Sacred Mount (Mount Hengshan or Mount Damao), with its cultural relics and so on. The second showroom displays the sacrificial activities of emperors and feudal officials from the period of Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors to the Qin and Han dynasties, the Sui and Tang dynasties to the Qing dynasty through the landscape of Ancient Firewood Burning Sacrifice, large reliefs of sacred traces, ancient tablet inscriptions, modern archaized sacrificial scenes and incisive introductions, highlighting the ancient and rich sacrificial culture of the Northern Sacred Mount. Especially through the concentrated display of the inscriptions of being named the Northern Sacred Mount as the “King of Peaceful Heaven” by the Tang dynasty, “The Noblest Emperor of Peaceful Heaven” by the Song dynasty, “The Greatest Emperor of All Emperors of Peaceful Heaven” by the Yuan dynasty, and “God of Mount Hengshan” by the Ming dynasty. It highlights several peaks of China’s feudal society to offer sacrifices to the Northern Sacred Mount and the piety and importance of emperors to offer sacrifices to it. The third exhibition room mainly displays the artistic architectural style and landscape of the Beiyue Temple and the Xiude Temple tower, as well as the white stone statues of the Northern Wei, The Eastern Wei, the Northern Qi, the Sui and the Tang dynasties unearthed from the Xiude Temple site. The Xiude Temple was built in the third year of Kaihuang of the Sui dynasty (583 A.D.), first known as the Hengyue Temple, later known as the Zhenyue Xiude Temple, the Xiude Temple. From 1953 to 1954, more than 2,200 stone statues were unearthed at the Xiude Temple site, 271 of which were carved with sculpture years. It was the first time for such a large number of chronological statues to be unearthed in China, which has greatly enriched the treasure house of China’s sculpture art history.
To implement the principle of “Three Close-tos” and respect history and culture, Quyang County Museum has set up a shop for cultural and creative products in the Beiyue Temple scenic spot. It based on the ancient Beiyue (Northern Sacred Mount) Culture, mainly selling pottery, porcelain, stone carvings, clay sculptures and other materials related to the Beiyue Temple. In addition, it has developed cultural tourism souvenirs such as “Flying God” and “The magic figures of the Five Sacred Mountains” copperplate and fresco digital cultural product painting scroll with the characteristics of the Beiyue Temple.
Wuyue (The Five Sacred Mountains) Culture is a part of the five thousand years of Chinese civilization. Quyang County is the birthplace of the Beiyue Culture, and the Beiyue Temple has become one of the essential carriers of its culture.
The museum’s display respects history, combining pictures, text, diagrams and objects, into the novel and lively form. It focuses on the ancient Northern Sacred Mount (Mount Damao), the natural and humanistic landscape, the Beiyue Temple’s buildings, paintings and inscriptions, etc. thus enables people to understand the rich cultural connotation more intuitively. The Beiyue Culture carries forward the Chinese outstanding historical culture, and the strong cultural self-confidence, promoting the integrated development of Quyang County’s cultural tourism industry.